In India, two kinds of Driving Licences are issued: Learner's Licence and Permanent Licence.
A Learner's Licence is essential for obtaining a Permanent Licence. The eligibility for obtaining a Learner's Licence for a private motor vehicle for a vehicle of 50 CC engine capacity and without any gear, is 16 years (if the applicant's parents or guardians give their consent). The minimum age to apply for a permanent licence to drive a private motor vehicle is 18 years.
A person who is at least 20 years old and possesses a Learner's License can obtain a Licence for driving a commercial vehicle. Also, one has to be conversant with the traffic rules and regulations in all the cases.
For obtaining a Learner's Licence, you will need to apply in the prescribed format to the Local Transport Office in your region, along with your passport-sized photographs, proof of your age and residence, declaration of medical fitness and the required fee. After verification of your documents, you will have to go through the Learner's Test. Usually a handbook of traffic rules, signs and regulations is provided with the application form. On passing the Learner's Test, you will be issued a Learner's Licence. If you fail the test, you will be given a chance to take the test again.
For obtaining a Permanent Licence, you must have a valid Learner's Licence, and must apply after 30 days and within 180 days of issue of the Learner's Licence. You should be conversant about vehicle systems, driving, traffic rules regulations. You will be put through a driving test, for which you must bring a vehicle with you. On passing the test, you will be issued a Permanent Driving Licence.
Depending on the class of motor vehicle and the type of learner's license sought for, the eligibility criteria for Learning License differs. The eligibility conditions for various types of Learner's License offered in India is given below.
|Type of Learner's License||Eligibility Criteria|
|Motorcycles with gear||The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.|
|Motorcycles without gear with up to 50 cc capacity||The candidate must be aged at least 16 years. For candidates less than 18 years of age, the consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.|
|General Requirement for obtaining a Learner's License||The Learner's License applicant must be fluent with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.|
|Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles||The applicant must have finished 8th standard of schooling. The applicant must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.|
The fee to be paid when applying for a learner's licence is Rs. 150 for one class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form of Learning Licence.